When someone has experienced having inflammatory bowel disease, there is a huge possibility that the person will have an increased risk percentage of having cancer of the colon. While cancer of the colon is one of the easiest cancer types to be prevented from occurring, colon cancer stages are very decisive to identify because they are most often diagnosed when the symptoms are already inconvenient and bothersome. Colon cancer survival rate is lower when one is diagnosed in the later stage.
Are you at Risk? The statistics and estimates are initially frightening. In 2011, it is estimated that 141,000 people will be diagnosed with colon-colorectal cancer and approximately 50,000 people will die from the disease. However, according to an America Cancer Society report more than half of these deaths could be prevented by screening. In addition, studies suggest that a healthy diet is vital in reducing colon cancer risk.
Bloody stools can also be indication of colon cancer. However, this symptom can also signify other health problems such as UTI or anal fissures. Blood in stools should not be disregarded because it often leads to more complicated diseases if not consulted to a doctor immediately.
cancer of the colon occurs when the polyp that contains the cancer cells have evolved and became a tumor that extends to the colon or rectum walls. During this stage, the advisable treatment would have to be the removal of the section of the colon that is considered to be infected by the malignant cancer cells. The five – year colon cancer survival rate for this stage is at 95% chance of cure.
colorectal cancer happens when the cancer tumor has spread and has affected the tissues surrounding the colon. Resection surgery is given to the patient in order to treat them of their current ordeal. Survival rates during this stage are very unfortunate; the statistics is just 60 percent chance of cure.
Diagnoses for colon cancer often include a stool test – both stool blood test and stool DNA test; Sigmoidoscopy – examination of the lower colon only; and Colonoscopy – examination of the entire colon. Colonoscopy is the most recommended diagnosis and the most accurate amongst the three. This method uses a thin tube with a camera on one end.
Colon Cancer Prevention Tips 1. Schedule regular colorectal screenings 2. Include lots of cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, kale, cauliflower in your diet as well as colorful fruits and whole grains 3. Eat calcium rich foods such as leafy green vegetables 4. Limit your intake of processed meats or red meat 5. Take steps to maintain a healthy body weight. Being overweight increases your risk for colon cander so you should take active steps to start a weight loss program. 6. Some studies suggest that vitamin D can help reduce cancer risk yet most people are Vitamin D deficient. Check your vitamin D levels (simple blood test) and consider taking supplements. 7. Exercise regularly 8. Avoid smoking and avoid drinking too much alcohol